INRA, groups of breeders, but also the company Le Boeuf Ethique and a young company in the West are developing mobile slaughterhouses that will intervene in farms. A concept from Sweden authorized for the first time.
The EGalim law now allows for on-farm slaughter, which involves bringing in mobile equipment. The experiment is planned for a duration of four years. It was claimed by some breeders.
The start-up Le Boeuf Ethique, led by Emilie Jeannin in Côte-d'Or, is putting the finishing touches to its first mobile slaughterhouse for cattle, which it plans to operate from 2019. "It is intended to travel around France, mainly nursing basins"says Emilie Jeannin who is preparing to raise 1.5 million euros needed from banks and private investors. Every year, this vehicle should transform 6,000 animals. The truck model comes from Sweden where this type of transformation, an alternative to intensive logging, has been allowed for several years.
Composed of several refrigerated trailers, it allows to slaughter animals in strict compliance with European sanitary requirements. Located close to the livestock buildings, he treats the animals one after the other, driven by the breeder. They are immediately stunned with less stress than in a classic site where noise and odors are powerful. Then the staff is responsible for carcassing. They will then be matured for a fortnight in existing warehouses before the cutting of the various pieces.
Emilie Jeannin considers that the animal thus transformed presents a better quality of meat. For its part, L'Inra has been working for years on a project to create a slaughter mobile that will move from farm to farm. The objective is to limit the stress of the beast that will not have to be transported, sometimes over long distances, to the industrial slaughterhouse. A collective of breeders located in the Dordogne deploys another project on the model of that of INRA. Stéphane Dinard, the holder of this file, specifies that his financial closure is in progress.
It's not just cattle! The young company Poupart (Loire Atlantique) has raised nearly 500,000 euros on the crowdfunding site Mimosa to help develop its mobile slaughterhouse dedicated exclusively to the processing of poultry.
There remains the problem of the cost of treatment. Several breeders in Brittany, where a large part of animal production is concentrated, fear that this type of tool will generate additional costs given the low volumes. They believe that only direct selling could be concerned ". There are fewer intermediaries and customers accept higher prices.
Stanislas du Guerny
Matching to Rennes